1313 – Ibn al-Khatib (full name Muhammad ibn Abd Allah ibn Said ibn Ali ibn Ahmad al-Salmani, also called the Poet of Al-Andalus), Spanish writer, poet, historian, philosopher, autobiographer, physician, and politician; some of his poems decorate the walls of the palace of Alhambra in Granada; in 1374, he was imprisoned for heresy and atheism and sentenced to death by suffocation.
1561 – Andreas Angelus (German name Andreas Engel), German writer, teacher, historian, priest, and government inspector; he is best known for his chronicles of the history of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, a principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1157 to 1806.
1618 – Johann Ludwig Schönleben, Slovenian author, historian, teacher, and theologian.
1762 – Petronella Moens, award-winning, prolific Dutch writer, poet, journalist, book author, newspaper editor, songwriter, and feminist who was blinded by smallpox at the age of seven.
1776 – Mary Matilda Betham, English diarist, poet, woman of letters, and miniature portrait painter who exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts; after spending six years researching notable historical women around the world, she published A Biographical Dictionary of the Celebrated Women of Every Age and Country.
1806 – Mary Tyler Peabody Mann, U.S. author, educational writer, children’s writer, cookery science writer, and educator whose friends and relatives included many of the famous intellectuals of her day; education reformer and politician Horace Mann was her husband, author Nathaniel Hawthorne was her brother-in-law, writer and poet Julia Ward Howe was her friend, and Transcendentalist philosopher Amos Bronson Alcott (father of Louisa May Alcott) employed her as a teacher at his experimental school.
1807 – Jónas Hallgrímsson, Icelandic writer, poet, journalist, and lawyer who was one of the founders of the Icelandic journal Fjölnir, which he used to promote Icelandic nationalism. His birthday is officially recognized in Iceland as the Day of the Icelandic Language.
1810 – Karel Hynek Mácha, Czech Romantic poet, writer, traveler, playwright, and lawyer.
1813 – Pierre Emmanuel Albert (Baron Ducasse), French writer, novelist, and historian who is best known for being the first editor of the correspondence of Napoleon I.
1846 – Novella Jewell Trott, U.S. author and editor and served as vice-president of the Woman’s Press Department at the World’s Columbian Exposition, in Chicago.
1851 – Caroline Birley, English writer, children’s author, geologist, and fossil collector who was noteworthy for the respect she earned from male colleagues in an overwhelmingly male profession.
1857 – Elsa d’Esterre-Keeling, Irish writer, novelist, teacher, and translator.
1861 – Arvid Järnefelt (pseudonym Arvi Rauta), Finnish novelist, playwright, short-story writer, essayist, newspaper founder, and judge who became a Tolstoyan, following a movement based on the ideals of the writer Leo Tolstoy; proponents attempt to live an ascetic and simple life as Christian pacifists, preferring to be vegetarian, non-smoking, teetotaling, and chaste. Järnefelt’s brother-in-law was the composer and violinist Jean Sibelius.
1862 – Edith Ogden Harrison, U.S. children’s author who was known for original fairy tales; she also did travel writing.
1880 – Alexander Blok, Russian lyrical poet, writer, publicist, playwright, translator, and literary critic.
1889 – George Simon Kaufman, Pulitzer Prize-winning U.S. playwright and journalist.
1889 – Edna Yost, U.S. book author, poet, short-story writer, and journalist who was one of the first to write books focusing on the achievements of women in science, including American Women of Science, American Women of Nursing, and Women of Modern Science; she also researched and wrote about ways to improve the environment for people with disabilities.
1892 – Guo Moruo (also known as Dingtang), Chinese writer, poet, playwright, historian actor, politician, translator, archaeologist, and anthropologist.
1895 – Michael Arlen, Bulgarian-born Armenian and English essayist, short-story writer, novelist, playwright, and scriptwriter; he is most famous for satirical romances set in English smart society, but also wrote gothic horror and psychological thrillers.
1896 – Joan Lindsay, Australian novelist, short-story writer, playwright, essayist, poet, and visual artist; her best-known novel, Picnic at Hanging Rock, has been adapted for film and is considered one of the most important Australian novels ever.
1897 – Renato Leduc, Mexican poet, writer, short-story writer, and journalist.
1899 – Mary Margaret McBride, U.S. writer, journalist, and radio host whose popular radio shows spanned forty years; she was called “The First Lady of Radio.”
1903 – Eva Sylvia Waldemarsson, award-winning Swedish writer who is known mainly for her historical novels.
1904 – Nnamdi Azikiwe, (usually referred to as “Zik,” but also called Ben Azikiwe, especially in the U.S.), Nigerian, writer, journalist, and statesman who was Nigeria’s Governor General and then its first President, when Nigeria became a republic; he was known as the “Father of Nigerian Nationalism.”
1904 – Helen Evans Brown, U.S. chef, food writer, columnist, and cookbook author who was a nationally known authority on the West Coast food scene and an early proponent for California cuisine and the use of fresh produce.
1909 – Kristian Kristiansen, Norwegian novelist, playwright, short-story writer, and children’s writer; he was part of the Resistance during the Nazi occupation of Norway.
1909 – Michio Mado, award-winning Japanese poet, writer, and children’s author who won the Hans Christian Andersen Medal for his contributions to children’s literature.
1910 – Raquel Verdesoto Salgado de Romo Dávila, Ecuadorian writer, poet, teacher, feminist, and activist.
1912 – Joan Phipson, Australian children’s writer whose books evoke the stress and satisfaction of living in the Australian countryside — floods, bushfires, droughts, and all.
1915 – Jean Fritz, award-winning U.S. children’s author best known for American biographies and history; she has also written several autobiographical works.
1920 – Colin Milton Thiele, prolific, award-winning Australian children’s book author.
1922 – José Saramago, Nobel Prize-winning Portuguese novelist, nonfiction author, science-fiction writer, travel writer, translator, and poet who, “with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality.”
1930 – Chinua Achebe, Nigerian novelist, short-story writer, children’s author, and essayist whose work focuses on the traditions of Igbo society, the effect of Christian influences, and the clash of Western and traditional African values during and after the colonial era; his book Things Fall Apart is the most widely read book in modern African literature.
1932 – Diana Mary Mitchell (née Coates), Zimbabwean writer and political activist who worked to improve education for Black children.
1934 – Ajeet Cour, award-winning Punjabi Indian writer, and poet.
1934 – Hisashi Inoue, Japanese playwright, screenwriter, novelist, science-fiction writer, comedy writer, and Esperantist who also used the pen name Uchiyama Hisashi.
1935 – Elizabeth Drew, U.S. political journalist, author, biographer, and television commentator.
1948 – Bonnie Greer, U.S./British playwright, novelist, critic, and broadcaster.
1951 – Hazel Joan Rowley, award-winning British-born Australian author and biographer.
1952 – Rick Atkinson, U.S. journalist and author of military history who has won Pulitzer Prizes in both fields.
1952 – Candas Jane Dorsey, Canadian writer, novelist, short-story writer, science-fiction writer, poet, journalist, screenwriter, playwright, and advocate for the arts.
1952 – Robin McKinley (full name Jennifer Carolyn Robin McKinley), Newbery Medal and World Fantasy Award-winning U.S. author of fantasy novels and children’s literature.
1954 – Andrea Barrett, National Book Award-winning U.S. novelist and short story writer who is particularly known as a writer of historical fiction; her work reflects her lifelong interest in science, and women in science.
1955 – Margarita Musto, Uruguayan writer, playwright, translator, teacher, and theater director.
1958 – Anne Holt, Norwegian author, lawyer, and former Minister of Justice who is one of the most successful crime novelists in Norway.
1958 – Geling Yan, prominent Chinese-born author of novels, short stories, and screenplays.
1961 – Karen Duve, German writer, science-fiction author, copy editor, and taxi driver.
1966 – Rikke Schubart, Danish author and film scholar whose research explores emotions, gender, and genre in film and television, focusing especially on horror, action, and war films; she also writes fiction, children’s books, and a vampire novel.
1966 – Safia Nafisa Shah (now Safia Thomas), British writer, editor, and television news producer who is of Afghan-Indian background.
1966 – Tahir Shah, London-born Anglo-Afghan Indian author, documentary maker, journalist, and adventurer, known for his travel writing; many of his books chronicle outlandish journeys through Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
1975 – Borsa Brown, Hungarian author, nonfiction writer, and romance novelist who has written nonfiction on issues of motherhood and feminine identity, as well as romance novels and erotica.
1976 – Lavie Tidhar, award-winning Israeli writer, science-fiction author, and fantasy author whose book Osama beat out works by Stephen King and George R.R. Martin to win the 1012 World Fantasy Award for Best Novel.