1673 – Natalya Alexeyevna, Russian playwright and Grand Duchess who was the daughter of Tsar Alexis and the sister of Peter the Great.
1778 – James Kirke Paulding, U.S. satirist, poet, and writer of history who was also Secretary of the Navy and a friend of writer Washington Irving.
1790 – Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim Zauq, Indian sheikh who was an Urdu poet and scholar of literature, poetry, and religion; he wrote poetry under name “Zauq,” and was appointed poet laureate of the Mughal Court in Delhi at the age of 19.
1846 – Amalie Skram, Norwegian author and feminist who gave voice to a woman’s point of view with her naturalist writing; in Norway, she is considered the most important female writer of the Modern Breakthrough.
1890 – Cecil Kellaway, Academy Award-nominated South African actor and screenwriter.
1893 – Dorothy Parker, often-quoted U.S. poet, writer, and critic who was known for her satiric wit.
1902 – Leni Riefenstahl (real name Helene Bertha Amalie Riefenstahl), German screenwriter, film director, propagandist, author autobiographer, photographer, and actress, known for her seminal role in producing Nazi propaganda. After World War II, Riefenstahl was arrested, but was never charged with war crimes; she denied having known about the Holocaust. She also wrote an autobiography, as well as several books about the Nuba people of the Sudan.
1918 – Girija Kumar Mathur, Indian Hindi writer, poet, and translator who is noted for his translation of the popular English song “We Shall Overcome” into Hindi.
1918 – Mary McGrory, U.S. journalist and columnist. She specialized in American politics who was noted for her detailed coverage of political maneuverings; she was a fierce opponent of the Vietnam War and was on President Richard Nixon’s enemies list.
1920 – Ray Bradbury, U.S. science-fiction novelist and short-story writer best known for his dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451.
1924 – Ada Jafarey (also spelled Ada Jafri), Pakistani poet and author who is regarded as the first major Urdu woman poet; she has been called “The First Lady of Urdu Poetry.”
1924 – Harishankar Parsai, Indian Hindi magazine editor and writer of satire, known for his simple and direct style.
1933 – Irmtraud Morgner, German novelist known for her works of socialist realism and magic realism.
1935 – E. (Edna) Annie Proulx, Pulitzer Prize-winning and National Book Award-winning U.S. author best known for her novel The Shipping News and her short story “Brokeback Mountain,” which was made into the Hollywood film of the same name.
1936 – Louisette Ighilahriz, Algerian writer and revolutionary who came to widespread attention in 2000 with her story of captivity by the French in 1957-62, becoming, a catalyst of a debate about the the French-Algerian war.
1945 – Tamori (real name Morita Kazuyoshi), Japanese comedian, actor, writer, composer, businessperson, singer, lyricist, and television presenter.
1946 – Janneken Øverland, Norwegian writer, editor, biographer, and publishing house executive.
1947 – Ma Bo, Chinese nonfiction writer and journalist who is best known for his bestselling autobiographical book Blood Red Sunset: A Memoir of the Chinese Cultural Revolution.
1947 – Will Hobbs, U.S. author of fiction for children and young adults, as well as picture books; his work often focuses on adventures in the outdoors.
1948 – Peter James, award-winning British author of bestselling detective novels.
1948 – Zorica Jevremović, Serbian writer, historian, playwright, literary historian human-rights activist, theatre and video director, and media theorist, literary historian.
1949 – Þórarinn Eldjárn, Icelandic writer who is particularly well known in Iceland for his humorous poetry books for children.
1951 – Alexis Lecaye, Egyptian-born French author, science-fiction writer, screenwriter, and children’s writer.
1955 – Will Shetterly, award-winning U.S. fantasy and science-fiction writer.
1957 – Anh Dao Traxel, Vietnamese writer who was a “boat person” refugee and the foster daughter of the late French President Jacques Chirac.
1962 – Kate Christensen, PEN/Faulkner Award-winning U.S. novelist, essayist, memoirist, nonfiction writer, food writer, and short-story writer.
1964 – Sevinj Nurugizi, Azerbaijani award-winning writer, poet, children’s author, editor, short-story writer, radio host, playwright, translator, textbook author, lyricist, and journalist; she writes in both Azerbaijani and English.
1964 – Diane Setterfield, bestselling British author of Gothic fiction.
1965 – Nourida Gadirova Ateshi, Azerbaijani author, scientist, writer, poet, and researcher who specializes in the archaeology and prehistory of the Caucasus.
1967 – Valérie Rouzeau, French writer, poet, and translator.
1970 – Charlie Connelly, British nonfiction author of books about travel and sports, especially noted for his sense of humor.
1972 – Larycia Alaine Hawkins, U.S. African-American scholar, author, and speaker who was the first female African-American tenured professor at Wheaton College, a Christian evangelical liberal arts school, and became the center of a global controversy when the college suspended her after she wore hijab and said that Christians and Muslims worship the same God.
1982 – Carol Bensimon, award-winning Brazilian novelist and short-story writer.
1982 – Ash Lieb, Australian writer, artist, comedian, and filmmaker; he began exhibiting his art at age 8, and wrote his first novel at 15. His work is noted for its surrealistic, philosophical, and psychiatric undertones.