1594 – Carlo Ridolfi, Italian writer, art historian, and painter.
1727 – Diego José Abad, Mexican writer, poet, philosopher, translator, and Jesuit theologian.
1800 – Caroline Lee Hentz, U.S. writer, novelist, and educator who was a major literary figure in her day; she is best known for her book The Planter’s Northern Bride, a rebuttal to Harriet Beecher Stowe’s popular anti-slavery book, Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
1822 – Nadezhda Dmitryevna Khvoshchinskaya (married name Zayonchkovskaya), Russian novelist, poet, literary critic and translator; she published much of her work under the pseudonym V. Krestovsky, and later added “alias” to her pseudonym to avoid being confused with the writer Vsevolod Krestovsky.
1823 – Anna Eliot Ticknor, U.S. author and educator who founded the Society to Encourage Studies at Home which was the first correspondence school in the United States and is considered a pioneer of distance learning and the mother of correspondence schools; she also served as one of the original appointees to the Massachusetts Free Public Library Commission, as one of the first two women appointed to a United States state library agency.
1830 – Martha Hooper Blackler Kalopothakes, U.S. writer, missionary, translator, journalist, and newspaper editor.
1835 – Africanus Horton (also known as James Beale), Sierra Leonean Krio African nationalist author, essayist, scientist, banker, physician, and political thinker who worked toward African independence a century before it occurred; his most widely remembered book is his Vindication of the African Race, an answer to the white racist authors emerging in Europe.
1842 – Satyendranath Tagore, Indian Bengali author, song composer, and linguist who was the first Indian to join the Indian Civil Service; he made a significant contribution towards the emancipation of women in Indian society, and was the brother of Rabindranath Tagore, the only Indian to win a Nobel Prize in Literature.
1844 – Belle Kellogg Towne (real name Isabella Electa Kellogg Towne), U.S. author and journalist who coordinated and organized young people’s papers for the Young People’s Weekly, a religious periodical; she has been called “one of America’s first leading women in the literary and publishing fields.”
1850 – Sami Frashëri, Ottoman Albanian writer, philosopher, and playwright who was a prominent figure of the Rilindja Kombëtare, the National Renaissance movement of Albania.
1860 – Isabelle Rimbaud, French writer and biographer whose brother was the poet Arthur Rimbaud.
1861 – William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet of the Confederation group who was considered the unofficial poet laureate of Canada.
1874 – Macedonio Fernández, Argentine writer, poet, novelist, humorist, journalist, short-story writers, and philosopher who was a mentor to Jorge Luis Borges and other avant-garde Argentine writers.
1876 – Vidyagauri Nilkanth, Indian Gujarati author, essayist, biographical sketch writer, politician, translator, social worker, magazine editor, educator, and reformer who devoted her life for the upliftment of women.
1878 – John Masefield, English poet, author, and children’s writer who was U.K. Poet Laureate.
1889 – James Daugherty, Newbery Medal-winning U.S. children’s author and illustrator, biographer, artist, and mural painter.
1904 – Ineko Sata, respected Japanese feminist writer and novelist who was closely connected to the proletarian literary movement, the Japanese Communist Party, and the Women’s Democratic Club. She was praised for drawing on modernist literary techniques, while became increasing involved in issues related to workers and the labor movement, especially the treatment of women workers; as a member of the Proletarian Literature Movement, she wrote a series of stories about the lives of ordinary working men and women.
1906 – Abdul Quadir, award-winning Bangladeshi poet, essayist, and journalist.
1908 – Julie Campbell (also known as Julie Campbell Tatham), U.S. author of books for children and adults who was also a literary agent; she was best known as the creator of the Trixie Belden series, but also created the Ginny Gordon series and wrote books in the Cherry Ames series and other popular franchises.
1911 – Xiao Hong, Chinese writer, poet, and essayist; she was born Zhang Naiying, and also used the pen name Qiao Yin.
1925 – Dilia Elena Díaz Cisneros, Venezuelan teacher and poet born who founded several public schools.
1932 – Naguib Surur, Egyptian playwright, poet, and critic who often used folk themes in his work.
1934 – Doris Buchanan Smith, award-winning U.S. author and children’s novelist, best known for her book, A Taste of Blackberries.
1937 – Colleen McCullough, bestselling Australian author, teacher, librarian, and journalist; her best known work is the novel The Thorn Birds.
1940 – Katerina Gogou, Greek anarchist poet, author, and actress.
1943 – Kuki Gallmann, bestselling Italian-born Kenyan author, poet, conservationist, and activist and author of the memoir I Dreamed of Africa.
1956 – Mircea Cărtărescu, Romanian poet, novelist, short-story writer, literary critic, and essayist.
1977 – Guzel Yakhina, award-winning Russian author, screenwriter, and translator.