1724 – Saviour Bernard, Maltese medical practitioner, scientist, author, and major philosopher.
1781 – Andrés Bello (also known as Andrés de Jesús María y José Bello López), Venezuelan poet, humanist, educator, philologist, diplomat, and scholar whose political and literary works constitute an important part of Spanish American culture.
1799 – Amos Bronson Alcott, U.S. teacher, writer, philosopher, abolitionist, reformer, and women’s rights advocate who was a key figure in the Transcendentalist movement but who is best known today as the father of author Louisa May Alcott, also born on November 29.
1832 – Louisa May Alcott, U.S. author, short-story writer, children’s writer, feminist, and abolitionist best known for her semi-autobiographical novel Little Women; she also wrote one of the earliest works of detective fiction. Her father was educator and reformer Amos Bronson Alcott, also born on November 29.
1855 – August Kitzberg, Estonian playwright, short-story author, and memoirist; his early works consisted of comedies and humorous stories of village life; later, his plays developed a component of social criticism.
1895 – Hamid Ullah Afsar (also known as Afsar Merathi), Indian Urdu poet, short-story writer, children’s author, textbook author, teacher, and critic.
1898 – C.S. Lewis, English writer, children’s novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, and Christian apologist; he is best known for his books in the Chronicles of Narnia series.
1902 – Carlo Levi, Italian novelist, essayist, memoirist, painter, and activist who is best known for his book Cristo si è fermato a Eboli (Christ Stopped at Eboli), a memoir of his time spent in exile in Lucania, Italy, after being arrested in connection with his political activities. The book was made into a film.
1905 – Vasily Grossman, Ukrainian-born Soviet writer, journalist, novelist, short-story writer, war correspondent, and screenwriter who originally trained as an engineer and was called Vasya the Chemist because of his diligence as a student; as a war correspondent during World War II he wrote firsthand accounts of battles and eyewitness reports of a extermination camp that were among the earliest journalistic accounts of a Nazi death camp. His major literary works were censored by the authorities as anti-Soviet; his book manuscripts were published only after his death, after they were smuggled out of the Soviet Union.
1912 – Ai Xia, Chinese left-wing silent film actress and screenwriter whose suicide inspired Cai Chusheng’s classic film New Women, starring Ruan Lingyu, who also killed herself soon after the release of the film.
1913 – Alexander Badawy, Egyptian Egyptologist, author, anthropologist, archeologist, and professor.
1914 – Eleanor Perry (born Eleanor Rosenfeld), Emmy Award-winning U.S. screenwriter, novelist, journalist, and playwright who was an outspoken advocate for women’s rights and screenwriters’ recognition, often criticizing the film industry.
1917 – Gopal Singh, Indian writer, poet, translator, biographer, lexicographer, philosopher, mystic, and politician
1918 – Madeleine L’Engle, Newbery Medal-winning U.S. author of fiction, poetry, a play, autobiographies, and young-adult books, including her best known novel, A Wrinkle in Time; her works tend to take place in settings that are mostly realistic, but with some some fantasy elements, and many of her books draw on a multigenerational cast of related characters.
1934 – Willie Morris, U.S. fiction and nonfiction writer and editor known for his lyrical prose style and his reflections on the Mississippi Delta region.
1933 – David R. Reuben, U.S.psychiatrist who is best known for writing Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Sex (but Were Afraid To Ask).
1943 – Sue Miller, bestselling U.S. novelist, short-story writer, and memoirist; some of her work has been adapted for film.
1946 – Conceição Evaristo, Brazilian writer and poet whose work is marked by her life experiences as an Afro-Brazilian woman.
1948 – George Szirtes, award-winning Hungarian poet, essayist, editor, biographer, playwright, and translator.
1953 – Jacqueline French, prolific, award-winning Australian author of children’s books, novels for adults, picture books, history, fantasy, and historical fiction; she is also an author of numerous books on ecology, gardening, pest control, wombats, other wildlife, and hens. She is a regular contributor to newspapers and magazines, and has presented gardening segments on television.
1955 – Astrid Saalbach, award-winning Danish playwright, screenwriter, novelist, and short-story writer.
1956 – Nathalie Magnan, French writer, navigator, artist, university teacher, media theoretician, feminist, and activist.
1958 – Carmen Firan, Romanian poet, novelist, essayist, short-story writer, journalist, and playwright who currently lives in New York City.
1965 – Susanne Schädlich, German author, autobiographer, ghost writer, journalist, and literary translator.
1969 – Sheena Iyengar, Canadian writer, psychologist, and professor who is best known as an expert on decision making.
1977 – Diana Vladimirovna Mashkova, Russian journalist, writer and author.
1978 – Ville Ranta, award-winning Finnish writer, cartoonist, and comics artist who is noted for his focus on controversial and provocative subject matter.
1983 – Girish Kohli, bestselling Indian author and screenwriter.
1988 – Alaa Eddine Aljem, Moroccan screenwriter and film director.