1726 – Angelo Maria Bandini, Italian author, librarian, and priest.
1749 – Arnaud Berquin, French writer, playwright, and children’s author whose work depicted common everyday events in realistic ways.
1759 – Francisco de Borja Garção Stockler, Portuguese writer, poet, politician, mathematician, math historian, and military officer from the autonomous Portuguese region of Azores.
1784 – Louisa Gurney Hoare, English diarist and writer on education who was especially concerned with with standards of learning.
1793 – Felicia Dorothea Hemans, English poet and writer; two of her opening lines, “The boy stood on the burning deck,” and “The stately homes of England,” have acquired classic status.
1839 – Mina Kruseman (full name Wilhelmina Jacoba Pauline Rudolphine Kruseman), Dutch feminist author and autobiographer who grew up in the Dutch East Indies; after returning to the Netherlands, she spoke out in her writing against the restrictions Dutch society placed on women.
1855 – Koson Aeba (real name Yosaburou Aeba), Japanese novelist, writer, jouranlist, theater critic, and calligraphy master who was called “The Master of the Bamboo Hut.”
1860 – Charles Edward Russell, Pulitzer Prize-winning American journalist, editor, columnist, and activist.
1874 – Noëlle Roger (pen name of Hélène Pittard), Swiss journalist, writer, and science-fiction author who wrote in French.
1879 – Lope K. Santos (born Lope Santos y Canseco), Filipino Tagalog-language writer and former senator of the Philippines; he is best known for his socialist novel, Banaag at Sikat, and for his contributions to the development of Filipino grammar and Tagalog orthography. When the Philippines became a member of the United Nations, he was selected to translate his country’s Constitution for UNESCO.
1881 – Lu Xun (魯迅), pen name for Zhou Shuren, leading Chinese poet, novelist, editor, literary critic, translator, and short-story writer.
1897 – William Faulkner, American writer of Southern literature, Nobel Laureate, and two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize “for his powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel.” His best known novel is The Sound and the Fury; it’s one of his many books set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi.
1898 – Austregésilo de Athayde, Brazilian writer, journalist, translator, and teacher who became an emblematic figure for the Academia Brasileira de Letras (the Brazilian Academy of Letters).
1901 – António Aurélio Gonçalves (better known as Nhô Roque), Cape Verdean writer, critic, historian, and professor.
1903 – Abul A’la Maududi, Indian writer, theologian, journalist, politician, philosopher, and translator whose works, which covered a range of disciplines including Qur’anic interpretation, law, philosophy, and history, were written in Urdu.
1906 – Madeleine Bourdouxhe, Belgian author and resistance fighter.
1906 – Phyllis Isobella Pearsall, British writer, autobiographer, portrait painter, cartographer, and entrepreneur who founded a successful map company.
1912 – Pere Calders i Rossinyol, Spanish Catalan writer and cartoonist.
1912 – Duanmu Hongliang (born Cao Jingping), Chinese novelist and short-story writer whose works were prominent during the Second Sino-Japanese War and for whom the land and environment were pivotal fictional elements; his fiction is characterized by the “native soil” style, which heavily emphasizes the agrarian environment and heartland values of his home region.
1913 – Clare Mallory (pen name for Winifred Constance McQuilkan Hall), New Zealand children’s book author, autobiographer, and educator who is remembered for her school stories for girls.
1917 – Amir Gilboa, award-winning Ukrainian-born Israeli author and translator who was a leading Hebrew poet; his early work is noted for its archaic, biblical Hebrew, but later, his language became more colloquial, with an abundance of rhymes, word play, and satirical commentary.
1920 – Božidarka “Kika” Damjanovic-Markovic, Yugoslav writer, journalist, and decorated commander in the resistance movement in World War II; she also wrote an autobiography.
1921 – Cintio Vitier, award-winning Cuban poet, essayist, and novelist who was born in the United States; he has been called “one of the most important writers of his generation.”
1923 – Robert Laxalt, Basque-American writer whose novels focused on the Basque experience in Nevada and the American West.
1926 – Balakrishna Hari Kolhatkar (also known as Bal Kolhatkar), Indian Marathi playwright, poet, actor, and director.
1927 – Kim Nam-jo, award-winning South Korean poet and professor; her poetry features dynamic use of sensual language and vibrant imagery to portray the subtlety of human emotions.
1928 – Balraj Komal, award-winning Indian poet, critic, and short-story author who wrote in Urdu.
1929 – Barbara Walters, American broadcast journalist, author, and television presenter who is best known for her interviews.
1930 – Ebba Hentze, award-winning Faroese poet, translator, and writer of children’s books; some of her books were written in Danish and some in Faroese.
1930 – Chit Phumisak, Thai author, poet, politician, historian, linguist, songwriter, and Communist revolutionary who has been described as the “Che of Thailand”; his most influential book was The Face of Thai Feudalism, written under the pseudonym Somsamai Srisootarapan; his other pen names included Kawi Kanmuang and Kawi Srisayam.
1930 – Shel Silverstein, American poet, lyricist, playwright, and bestselling author and illustrator of children’s books; he wrote the song “A Boy Named Sue,” which Johnny Cash made a hit, as well as several classic books for children, including The Giving Tree and Where the Sidewalk Ends.
1935 – Maj Sjöwall, Swedish author and translator, best known for her crime fiction.
1937 – Amina Sow Mbaye, Senegalese writer, poet, novelist, short-story author, and educator who was also the first qualified female basketball umpire in Senegal.
1940 – Nabile Farès, Algerian-born French novelist, poet, and psychoanalyst whose work is characterized by political engagement and by a drive to expand the definition of Algeria and Algerianness—and to resist factional politics.
1940 – Eva Švankmajerová (born Eva Dvoráková), Czech writer, poet, animator, graphic designer, painter, ceramicist, filmmaker, and surrealist artist.
1947 – Jim Murphy, Newbery Honor-winning American author of children’s books about history.
1948 – Glória Maria Rebelo Ferrante Perez, Emmy Award-winning Brazilian telenovela writer, screenwriter, and actress.
1948 – Vicki Viidikas, prolific Australian poet, prose writer, and artist who was an iconic member of the collection of Sydney poets now known as the Generation of ‘68; the counterculture and her travels in Asia, especially India, are recurrent subjects in her poetry.
1949 – Hideyuki Kikuchi, Japanese author, screenwriter, manga writer, and science-fiction writer who is best known for his horror novels, especially the series Vampire Hunter, Darkside Blues, and Wicked City.
1952 – Gloria Jean Watkins (better known by her pen name, Bell Hooks), American author, feminist, and social activist.
1955 – Luanne Rice, bestselling American author whose fiction tends to deal with nature, the sea, love, and family relationships.
1956 – Miroslav Volf, Croatian theologian, author, and professor.
1958 – Gu Hyoseo, South Korean novelist and short-story author who has experimented with a wide range of literary styles.
1960 – Kristin Hannah, bestselling, award-winning American novelist whose book The Nightingale has been made into a film; many of her books feature strong female characters in historical settings.
1960 – Andrzej Stasiuk, Polish novelist, essayist, travel writer, and critic.
1961 – Maryam Diener-Sachs, Iranian writer, anthologist, and publisher.
1963 – Andrea Davis Pinkney, American editor and children’s book author who won the Coretta Scott King award; her books aim to cultivate pride in African-American culture and achievements.
1964 – Ruth Ohi, Canadian author and illustrator of children’s picture books.
1964- Carlos Ruiz Zafón, Spanish author who has written for adults and teens; he is considered one of Spain’s most successful contemporary novelists.
1966 – Rakel Helmsdal, Faroese writer, poet, and children’s author whose mother is the poet Guðrið Helmsdal.
1993 – Thisuri Wanniarachchi, Sri Lankan author who is best known for her book Colombo Streets, which she began writing when she was fourteen years old.