1478 – Gian Giorgio Trissino, Italian Renaissance writer, poet, playwright, philosopher, humanist, diplomat, and grammarian.
1548 – Gim Jangsaeng, Korean Neo-Confucian writer, scholar, politician, educator, and philosopher.
1621 – Jean de la Fontaine, French fabulist poet whose collections of fables and poems are still widely read and who also wrote books of stories whose sexual content led to them being were banned by French authorities; before his death he re-embraced Catholicism and publicly denounced his work, going so far as to burn his newest comedy.
1753 – Ann Yearsley, English poet, writer, novelist, and playwright.
1815 – Adélaïde-Louise d’Eckmühl de Blocqueville, French poet, writer, and salon-holder
1826 – Laurindo José da Silva Rabelo, award-winning Brazilian writer, Romantic poet, teacher, and physician who is famous for his lyrics and satires.
1831 – Seligmann Heller, Austrian poet, drama critic, journalist, teacher, and translator of medieval Hebrew poetry.
1872 – Nobutsuna Sasaki, Japanese scholar and tanka poet.
1880 – Branca de Gonta Colaço (full name Branca Eva de Gonta Syder Ribeiro Colaço), Portuguese writer, scholar, and linguist.
1893 – R. Carlyle Buley, educator and Pulitzer Prize-winning American historian and author whose best known works dealt with the settlement of the American West; he also wrote a book about the history of life insurance.
1893 – Carmen Mondragón (also known as Nahui Olin), Mexican poet, author, artist, and artist’s model.
1902 – Gwendolyn B. Bennett, African-American writer, poet, novelist, artist, journalist, and short-story writer who contributed to Opportunity: A Journal of Negro Life, which chronicled cultural advancements during the Harlem Renaissance; she is perhaps best known for her short story “Wedding Day” and for her influence on the movement for African-American women’s rights.
1912 – Maria Wine, Swedish writer, poet, translator, and autobiographer.
1917 – J.F. Powers, National Book Award-winning American novelist and short-story writer whose best known stories took inspiration from the lives of Catholic priests.
1918 – Jakobína Sigurðardóttir, Icelandic writer and children’s author who is credited with being one of several Icelandic writers who introduced modernism into the Icelandic novel during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
1919 – Albert Caraco, Turkish-born French and Uruguayan philosopher, writer, essayist and poet of Turkish and Jewish descent; he is sometimes compared to the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.
1926 – Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, Swiss-American psychiatrist, known for her book On Death and Dying, in which she proposed the now well-known Kubler-Ross model of grieving, commonly known as the Five Stages of Grief.
1929 – Dilawar Figar, noted Pakistani humorist, poet, and scholar who was known as Shehansha-e-Zarafat (King of humor).
1929 – Shirley Ann Grau, Pulitzer Prize-winning, National Book Award-nominated American author of novels and short stories who wrote about the Deep South, focusing on issues of race and gender; when a representative from the Pulitzer Prize committee called to tell her she’d won, she hung up on him, thinking it was a joke.
1933 – James Cross Giblin, American editor and author of children’s nonfiction books, including many biographies.
1934 – Raquel Teresa Correa, award-winning Chilean journalist who was well known for her interviews and reporting.
1935 – Nadia Mohammad Ali Hamade, award-winning Lebanese poet and literary editor who authored of numerous volumes of poetry; she wrote in both Arabic and French.
1939 – Rie Yoshiyuki, award-winning Japanese poet, novelist, and children’s writer.
1941 – Angela Marinescu (born Basaraba-Angela Marcovici), award-winning Romanian poet and essayist.
1944 – Mourid Barghouti, Palestinian poet, writer, and autobiographical novelist.
1946 – Girija Vyas, Indian author, poet, and politician who was a member of the Parliament of India and president of the National Commission for Women of India.
1948 – Raffi (stage name of Raffi Cavoukian), Egyptian-born Canadian singer-songwriter who has a line of children’s books tied to his song lyrics; he has also written several books for adults.
1950 – Maria van Daalen (pseudonym of Maria Machelina de Rooij), Dutch poet and writer who is an expert on Vodou.
1952 – Anna Marie Quindlen, Pulitzer Prize-winning bestselling American novelist, journalist, and columnist.
1952 – Marianne Williamson, bestselling American author, spiritual teacher, lecturer, and political candidate; she also officiated at one of actress Elizabeth Taylor’s weddings.
1955 – Susan Price, British author of books for children and teens, including science fiction, fantasy, ghost stories, historical fiction, and folktales.
1959 – Tom Egeland, Norwegian novelist and screenwriter known especially for his thrillers; his most famous novel, published in English as Relic, bears some similarities to Dan Brown’s bestselling Da Vinci Code, leading to speculation that Brown plagiarized Egeland’s book (which was published first); Egeland chalks up the similarities to coincidence and a reliance on the same reference works.
1974 – Diana Arbenina, Belarusian poet, writer, singer, songwriter, and musician.
1982 – Pendleton Ward, American screenwriter, animator, producer, and voice actor for cartoons.