1552 – Elizabeth Spencer (Baroness Hunsdon), English baroness, writer, poet, scholar, translator, and patron of the arts; Edmund Spenser used her as inspiration for his Muiopotmos and dedicated The Faerie Queene to her; her first husband was grandson of Mary Boleyn, elder sister of Anne Boleyn, mother of Queen Elizabeth I.
1824 – Yulia Valerianovna Zhadovskaya, Russian poet, novelist, and short-story writer; much of her fiction was devoted to the problems of love, marriage, and the emancipation of women, and some of her lyric poems were made into popular songs. She became a successful writer despite having been born with no left arm and several fingers missing on her right hand.
1835 – Celia Laighton Thaxter, popular American poet and short-story writer who spent most of her life on the Isles of Shoals off the coast of New England, and often wrote about that setting.
1885 – Virginia Pope, American journalist and editor who was the fashion editor for both The New York Times and Parade; she is credited with inventing the field of fashion journalism.
1891 – Biagio Marin, Italian poet and author best known for his poems in the Venetian language, which had no literary tradition until then.
1895 – Alice Lardé de Venturino, acclaimed Salvadoran poet, writer, composer, and scientist.
1900 – Antoine de Saint-Expury, award-winning aristocratic French novelist, poet, journalist and aviator best known for his novella The Little Prince (Le Petit Prince).
1911 – Dennis Chukude Osadebay, Nigerian politician, poet, journalist, and former premier of the now defunct Mid-Western Region of Nigeria; he was one of the pioneering Nigerian poets who wrote in English.
1912 – John Toland, Pulitzer Prize-winning American author and historian best known for his biography of Adolf Hitler and his history of World War II Japan, The Rising Sun.
1914 – Dulcie Hollyock, award-winning Australian novelist, short-story writer, librarian, and educator; most of her books were romance novels.
1914 – Ellen Kuzwayo, award-winning South African writer, author, autobiographer, social worker, teacher, and politician who was president of the African National Congress Youth League and a member of the first post-apartheid South African Parliament.
1919 – Dorothy June Wright (née Healy), Australian crime novelist, Catholic journalist, memoirist, and family history writer.
1921 – Frédéric Dard, prolific French author of bestselling crime novels, including the 150 detective novels in the “San Antonio” series, featuring Paris police superintendent San Antonio and his partner, Inspector Berurier.
1926 – Jorge Enrique Adoum, award-winning Ecuadorian writer, poet, politician, diplomat, translator, university teacher, journalist, literary editor, and linguist who was one of the major exponents of Latin American poetry; though hailed by Nobel Prize winner Pablo Neruda as the best Latin American poet of his generation, Adoum’s work is largely unknown in the English-speaking world.
1943 – Christine Craig, Jamaican writer, poet, children’s author, short-story writer, and nonfiction author.
1946 – Sally Morrison, Australian novelist, biographer, writer, and molecular biologist.
1960 – Hanna Azoulay-Hasfari, award-winning Israeli screenwriter, playwright, film director, and actress; she is a women’s rights activist, and has dedicated her career to using her films to promote awareness of social-justice issues and cultural diversity.
1968 – Canny Leung Chi-Shan, Hong Kong-born Chinese author, actress, songwriter, and television presenter.
1971 – Magdalena Parys, award-winning Polish writer, poet, journalist, and translator.
1975 – Jonathan Kiril Thomas Menkos Zeissig, Guatemalan economist, politician, writer, academic, and analyst.