1524 – Achilles Statius (or Aquiles Estaço), Portuguese humanist and writer who moved to Rome, where he was a secretary to the Pope.
1819 – Charles Kingsley, English minister, historian, and novelist who wrote westerns but is best known for his children’s book The Water Babies; he was also one of the few clergymen of his time to accept Darwin’s theory of evolution.
1827 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss author of children’s stories, best known for the classic book Heidi.
1892 – Djuna Barnes, American writer who played a key part in the development of the 20th century Modernist movement; her novel Nightwood became a cult work of modern fiction and stands out today for its portrayal of lesbian themes and its distinctive writing style.
1914 – Mohammad Moin, prominent Iranian scholar of Persian literature and Iranian Studies.
1929 – Brigid Antonia Brophy (Lady Levey), English novelist, critic, and social reformer whose works reflected her feminist, pacifist leanings and expressed controversial opinions on marriage, the Vietnam War, animal rights, religion, and education.
1929 – Anne Frank (full name Annelies Marie Frank), German-born Jewish diarist and Holocaust victim who lived in Amsterdam and wrote her diary entries while in hiding from the Nazis. When she and her family and other companions were captured and taken to concentration camps, the diary pages were left behind; they were later published as The Diary of a Young Girl, which has become one of the most widely read and influential holocaust memoirs. She died in a concentration camp at the age of 15.
1931 – Rona Jaffe, American novelist, writer, editor, and columnist.
1931 – Trevanian, pen name of American writer Rodney William Whitaker, who wrote in a variety of genres and was also a film scholar; his other pen names included Nicholas Seare, Beñat Le Cagot, and Edoard Moran.
1953 – Tess Gerritsen, Chinese-American novelist and retired physician who started out writing romances, but shifted to medical thrillers.
1961 – Jim Goad, American author known for controversial viewpoints in work like The Redneck Manifesto.
1965 – Wendy Holden (also known as Taylor Holden), British journalist and bestselling novelist,
1973 – Tilly Bagshawe (born Matilda Emily N. Bagshawe), a British freelance journalist and author
1979 – Dmitry A. Glukhovsky, Russian author, journalist, and radio personality whose novel Metro 2033 has been made into a video game.
1985 – Kyle Higgins, American comic-book writer and film director, best known for work on the Batman franchise at DC Comics.