1856 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and the founding father of psychoanalysis.
1868 – Gaston Leroux, French journalist and author of detective fiction, best known for the novel The Phantom of the Opera.
1885 – Yaeko Nogami (birth name Kotegawa Yae), Japanese writer, novelist, essayist, and translator.
1902 – Harry Lewis Golden, Jewish-American journalist and author who wrote satirically on race relations.
1903 – Allan G. Odell, American marketer, poet, and advertising writer best known as the Burma Shave jingle-writer.
1904 – Harry Martinson, Nobel Prize-winning Swedish sailor, author, and poet.
1910 – Leo Lionni, Dutch author and illustrator of children’s books who was also an economist, graphic designer, and architectural writer.
1912 – Nguyễn Huy Tưởng, award-winning Vietnamese writer, playwright, and revolutionary.
1913 – Douglas Stewart, New Zealand poet, short-story writer, essayist, and literary editor.
1914 – Randall Jarrell, American poet who was U.S. Poet Laureate; he was also a literary critic, children’s author, essayist, and novelist.
1915 – Orson Welles, American screenwriter, actor, and director, remembered especially for the groundbreaking film Citizen Kane and his 1938 radio broadcast of the H.G. Wells book War of the Worlds, which caused widespread panic when listeners who tuned in late mistook it for a news broadcast about a real Martian invasion.
1915 – Theodore H. White, Pulitzer Prize-winning American political journalist, best known for his series of books, “The Making of the President.”
1918 – Henrietta Boggs, U.S.-born Costa Rican author, journalist, and activist who served as First Lady of Costa Rica who died in 2020 at the age of 102.
1934 – Johnny Odd Bergh, Norwegian screenwriter, producer, and director who was a key player in the development of Norwegian television.
1935 – Ted Lewin, Caldecott Honor-winning American children’s book author and illustrator.
1941 – Charnvit Kasetsiri (ชาญวิทย์ เกษตรศิริ), Thai historian, writer, and professor who specializes in Thai history.
1942 – Vladimiro Ariel Dorfman, Argentine-Chilean novelist, playwright, and human-rights activist.
1950 – Jeffrey Deaver, bestselling American mystery and crime-novel writer.
1956 – Sujata Bhatt, award-winning Indian-American poet and translator whose free verse has been described as, “fast-moving, urgent with narratives, softly spoken.”
1965 – Ellen Banda-Aaku, award-winning Zambian novelist and short-story writer.