1804 – Cho Koran, Japanese poet, artist, and educator, known for her study of Chinese arts and specialization in bunjinga ink paintings, and for founding a private school for teaching Chinese poetry to women.
1815 – Anthony Trollope, popular Victorian-era English novelist, known for books set in fictional Barsetshire.
1825 – R.M. Ballantyne, prolific Scottish children’s author, writer, painter, and businessperson.
1830 – Charlotta Eugenia Augusta Amalia Albertina (Princess Eugénie of Sweden and Norway) writer, translator, painter, sculptor, and composer who was the daughter of King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg.
1845 – Carl Spitteler, Nobel Prize-winning Swiss poet who also wrote as Carl Felix Tandem.
1862 – A.C. Benson, English essayist, poet, author and educator.
1874 – Penelope Delta, Greek author of books for children and teens who was one of the first Greek writer children’s books; her historical novels have been widely read and have influenced Greek popular perceptions on national identity and history. She committed suicide in 1941 on the day German troops entered Athens in World War II.
1881 – Gemma La Guardia Gluck, American-born writer of Italian Jewish origin, who lived in Hungary and was a survivor of the Holocaust; her autobiography tells of her experience as a survivor of the Ravensbrück concentration camp, but also offers vivid memories of her childhood spent in America with her parents and her brother Fiorello La Guardia, the future first Italian-American mayor of New York.
1900 – Elizabeth Goudge, English author of novels and children’s books.
1905 – Robert Penn Warren, American novelist and poet; winner of three Pulitzer Prizes; the only person ever to have won for both poetry and prose. Best known for his novel All the King’s Men, ranked by Modern Library as the 36th greatest novel of the 20th century.
1908 – George Oppen, American poet and Pulitzer Prize winner.
1911 – Evaline Ness, Caldecott Medal-winning American children’s book author and illustrator who is known for using a great variety of artistic media and methods.
1912 – Marta Rădulescu, Romanian novelist, poet, travel writer, journalist, children’s author, politician, and mountaineer.
1913 – Janet Hinshaw Caird , Malawi-born British and American writer of Scottish mysteries, poems, and short stories.
1918 – T.N. Gopinathan Nair, award-winning Indian Malayalam writer who was best known as a prolific playwright; he was also a screenwriter, journalist, novelist, essayist, biographer, poet, and actor.
1921 – Gabriel Imomotimi Okara, Nigerian poet and novelist who is considered the first Modernist African poet who wrote in English; in his poems and prose he drew on African thought, religion, folklore, and imagery.
1922 – Susanna Agnelli, Contessa Rattazzi, Italian writer, politician, and businessperson who was the first woman to be appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs in Italy.
1923 – Doris Burn, American children’s book author and Illustrator.
1924 – Sir Clement Freud, German-born English writer, politician, broadcaster, and chef, known for the children’s book Grimble; grandson of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. He married June Flewett, who was C.S. Lewis’s inspiration for the character Lucy in the Chronicles of Narnia.
1924 – Nora Bustamante Luciani, Venezuelan physician, historian, writer, and intellectual.
1925 – Muriel Dorothy Butler (née Norgrove), award-winning New Zealand children’s book author, bookseller, memoirist, and reading advocate.
1931 – Dvora Waysman, award-winning Australian-born Israeli author, short-story writer, and educator; her topics include travel, family life, and Jewish history and culture.
1934 – D. Jayakanthan (popularly known as JK), prolific, award-winning Indian novelist, journalist, short-story writer, autobiographer, orator, filmmaker, critic, and activist; several of his novels have been adapted into films.
1934 – Shirley MacLaine, Oscar and Emmy Award-winning American actress and author of new-age autobiographies; her brother is actor/director Warren Beatty.
1939 – Brian Garfield, American novelist, nonfiction writer, and screenwriter who has also used pen names Brian Wynne and Frank Wynne.
1940 – Sue Grafton, bestselling American novelist known especially for her “alphabet mysteries.”
1946 – Kamla Bhasin, Indian poet, author, scientist, and feminist activist; much of her work focuses on gender, education, human development, and the media.
1948 – Kohei Tsuka, Korean-Japanese playwright, theater director, and screenwriter who was so influential that modern Japanese theatrical history is often divided into the pre-Tsuka and post-Tsuka periods.
1953 – Eric Bogosian, playwright, novelist, historian, and actor; he is best known for his Pulitzer-nominated play Talk Radio.
1965 – Colin Cheong Wye Mun (Zhen Wai Mung), award-winning Singaporean novelist.
1970 – Simone Elkeles, author of bestselling teen romances.
1973 – Rula Jebreal, Israeli-Italian journalist, foreign policy analyst, journalist, novelist, nonfiction author, and screenwriter.
1973 – Damon Lindelof, screenwriter and producer best known as head writer for the TV show Lost and as the writer of Star Trek Into Darkness.
1973 – Sourav Mukhopadhyay, Indian Bengali author of novels and short stories for adults and children.