1553 – Vitsentzos Kornaros (also known as Vikentios Kornaros or Vincenzo Cornaro), Greek poet from Crete who wrote in the vernacular Cretan dialect and is considered to be the greatest of all the Cretan poets and one of the most significant and influential figures in the entire course of Greek poetry; he is best known for the romantic epic poem Erotokritos.
1831 – Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr, prolific British novelist, autobiographer, and teacher, much of whose fiction was set in Scotland and England.
1865 – Stephen Bonsal, Pulitzer Prize-winning American journalist, war correspondent, author, translator, and diplomat.
1872 – Tyra Kleen, Swedish artist, author, and ethnographical researcher who was an important figure in the Swedish fin de siècle art movement.
1877 – Zoila Aurora Cáceres Moreno, Peruvian writer and women’s rights activist associated with the literary movement known as modernismo; she wrote novels, essays, travel literature, and a biography of her husband, Guatemalan novelist Enrique Gómez Carrillo. She was the daughter of Peruvian president Andrés Avelino Cáceres.
1889 – Mary Barnes Hutchinson, British short-story writer, socialite, and model who was a member of the Bloomsbury Group.
1901 – Andrija Maurović, Croatian comic book author and illustrator who is considered the father of Croatian and Yugoslav comics.
1908 – Marta Krumina-Vitrupe, Latvian poet, writer, and chess master who won the Latvian Women’s Chess Championship.
1911 – Freya von Moltke, German writer, journalist, lawyer, scholar, and peace activist who was part of a group that opposed the Nazis.
1920 – Viveca Hollmerus (Lady Cable), award-winning Finnish-Swedish author.
1926 – Lino Aldani, Italian science-fiction novelist, short-story writer, and essayist, who was also a mathematics teacher.
1927 – Jón Hnefill Aðalsteinsson, prolific Icelandic author, scholar, and folklorist who is well known for his works on Old Norse religion.
1929 – Lennart Meri, Estonian history and travel writer who served as president of Estonia from 1992 to 2001.
1936 – Judith Guest, American novelist and screenwriter who is best known for her book Ordinary People and its film adaptation.
1942 – Beatriz Sarlo, Argentine writer, journalist, sociologist, literary critic, philosopher, biographer, and essayist; her book on Jorge Luis Borges is one of the seminal works on the great Argentine fabulist—but she has also worked in more cultural areas, such as feminism, the emergence of the modern Argentine city, and Argentina’s divided sense of its place in Latin America.
1943 – Eric Idle, English actor, comedian, writer, comedian, playwright, screenwriter, novelist, film director, lyricist, and singer-songwriter, best known as a member of the surreal comedy group Monty Python.
1944 – Jane Beryl Wilde Hawking Jones (née Wilde), English author, biographer, linguist, and teacher who was married to physicist Stephen Hawking.
1945 – Karen Alkalay-Gut, award-winning British-born Israeli poet, writer, professor, biographer, editor, and literary critic who writes in English.
1949 – Anne Portugal, French poet whose work is influenced by such contemporary sources as instruction booklets and video games.
1952 – Jo-Ann Mapson, American novelist whose work is mostly set in the Southwest and deals with friendship, love, and families.
1952 – K.N.Y. Patanjali, Indian writer, journalist, editor, novelist, and short-story author who was especially known for his satire.
1957 – Anne Grete Hollup, Norwegian novelist, playwright, and children’s writer.
1957 – Elizabeth Hand, bestselling American novelist, short-story author, and essayist whose work spans several genres including science fiction and fantasy and has won multiple World Fantasy and Nebula Awards
1961 – Amy Sedaris, American author, comedian, screenwriter, and actress; writer David Sedaris is her brother.
1969 – Ranjit Hoskote, Indian poet, art critic, and cultural theorist.
1976 – Julius Masimba Musodza, Zimbabwean author and screenwriter who wrote the first definitive science-fiction novel in the Shona language.