1652 – Anne Margrethe Qvitzow, Danish poet, writer, memoirist, and translator.
1634 – Madame de La Fayette, French writer, novelist, historian, lady-in-waiting, and correspondent; her novel La Princesse de Clèves was France’s first historical novel and one of the earliest novels in all of literature.
1829 – Mary Ann Harris Gay, American writer and poet from Decatur, Georgia, best known for her Civil War memoir Life in Dixie During the War, which inspired passages in Margaret Mitchell’s novel Gone with the Wind.
1842 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French symbolist poet whose work influenced Cubism, Futurism, Dadaism, and Surrealism.
1892 – Robert P.T. Coffin, Pulitzer Prize-winning American poet.
1893 – Wilfred Edward Salter Owen, English poet, known for his shocking, realistic war poetry.
1915 – Richard Condon, American novelist, known for political satire.
1927 – George Plimpton, American journalist best known for his sports writing and for the founding of The Paris Review.
1929 – Christa Wolf, German literary critic, novelist, and essayist.
1932 – John Updike, American novelist, poet, short-story writer, art critic, and literary critic who has won two Pulitzer Prizes.
1935 – Muzi Epifani (full name Maria Luisa Gabriella Epifani), Italian writer, poet, journalist, and translator.
1939 – Marja-Leena Mikkola, Finnish author, poet, screenwriter, and politician.
1945 – Joy Fielding, Canadian novelist and actress.
1948 – Di Morrissey, prolific, bestselling Australian novelist and children’s book author.
1948 – Susan Patron, Newbery Medal-winning American children’s book author and librarian; best known for her novel, The Higher Power of Lucky.
1953 – Franz Wright, Austrian-born Pulitzer Prize-winning poet whose father, James Wright, won in the same category.
1959 – Luc Besson, French screenwriter, film director, and producer.
1960 – Mariam Tsiklauri, Georgian poet, writer, children’s author, and translator.