1036 – Su Tung-p’o, greatest poet of the Chinese Sung Dynasty, often under fire in his day for satirizing government policies.
1723 – Susanne Katharina Seiffart von Klettenberg, German abbess, writer, poet, artist, and philosopher who was a friend of the writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and his mother; he shaped a character, “Beautiful Soul,” after Klettenberg in his novel Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship.
1753 – John Taylor of Caroline, American writer and politician who authored books on agriculture and politics and served as a Virginia State Delegate and U.S. Senator.
1796 – Manuel Breton de los Herreros, prolific Spanish playwright and librarian.
1820 – Mary Ashton Livermore, American journalist, nonfiction author, lecturer, abolitionist, and advocate for women’s rights, including reproductive rights.
1852 – Flora Shaw (Lady Lugard), English journalist, writer, and novelist for children and young adults. As a journalist she traveled around the world covering politics and economics and was widely regarded as one of the greatest journalists of her time; she is credited with coining the name “Nigeria.”
1861 – Italo Svevo, Italian novelist best known for The Confessions of Zeno.
1875 – Carter Woodson, African-American author, historian, and journalist who was born to parents who were former slaves and grew up to earn a PhD and become a pioneering writer of Black history.
1895 – Ingeborg Refling-Hagen, Norwegian novelist and poet who was arrested for her work with the Resistance during World War II; her writings and activities in support of the arts made her a significant cultural figure in Norway during much of the 20th century.
1900 – Thelma L. Strabel, American novelist who specialized in tales of the American South and sea adventures; she is best known for her novel Reap the Wild Wind, which was serialized in the Saturday Evening Post and became a successful film.
1901 – Oliver La Farge, Pulitzer Prize-winning author and anthropologist whose work focused on Native American culture.
1908 – Gisèle Freund, German-born French photographer and photojournalist, famous for her documentary photography and portraits of writers and artists; her best-known book, Photographie et société, is about the uses and abuses of the photographic medium in the age of technological reproduction.
1910 – Jean Genet, French novelist and political activist.
1910 – Jose Lezama Lima, Cuban poet and lawyer who was one of the most influential figures in Latin American literature.
1916 – Manoel Wenceslau Leite de Barros, award-winning Brazilian poet who is regarded by critics as one of the great names of contemporary Brazilian poetry.
1916 – Ann Mari Falk, award-winning Swedish writer, children’s author, and translator.
1922 – Hanny Michaelis, award-winning Jewish Dutch poet and translator who lived in hiding during World War II; h er parents were sent to Sobibór in 1943 and never returned; much of her work has a prevailing tone of loneliness and despair, although her last collection of poems also has moments of hope and humor.
1923 – Robert V. Bruce, Pulitzer Prize-winning author and historian who specialized in the history of the American Civil War period; he is best known for the book The Launching of Modern American Science, 1846–1876.
1928 – Eve Bunting, prolific Irish author of children’s and young-adult books.
1929 – Barbara Kimenye, prolific British-born Ugandan writer who was one of East Africa’s most popular and bestselling children’s authors; she is best remembered for her Moses series, about a mischievous student at a boarding school for troublesome boys.
1942 – Jean-Patric Manchette, French crime novelist and screenwriting credited with reinventing and reinvigorating the crime novel genre; his books are violent explorations of the human condition and French society.
1944 – Richard Leakey, award-winning Kenyan paleoanthropologist, conservationist, and politician who was the son of Louis and Mary Leakey, and who, like his parents, is a groundbreaking paleoanthropologist whose work has shed light on the origins of humanity.
1946 – Miguel Piñero, Puerto Rican poet, playwright, actor, and leading member of the Nuyorican literary movement; he co-founded the Nuyorican Poets Café.
1950 – Péter Tímár, Hungarian screenwriter and film director.
1952 – Sean O’Brien, award-winning British poet, critic, and playwright who is well known for his collection of poems The Drowned Book.
1954 – Tim Parks, award-winning British novelist, short-story writer, translator, and professor.
1960 – Daniel Silva, American author of bestselling thrillers and spy novels; most of his books center around the character Gabriel Allon, an Israeli art restorer, spy, and assassin.
1965 – Tridip Suhrud, Indian writer, translator, cultural historian, and political scientist.
1967 – Paul Harding, Pulitzer Prize-winning American author and musician who considers himself a “self-taught modern New England transcendentalist.”
1970 – Nagaru Tanigawa, award-winning Japanese author, children’s writer, manga writer, and science-fiction writer.
1972 – Ena Lucía Portela, Cuban novelist, essayist, and short-story writer whose work focuses on lesbian subjects.
1974 – Samira Gutoc-Tomawis, Saudi Arabian-born Filipina writer, journalist, women’s advocate, environmentalist, and legislator.
1975 – Brandon Sanderson, Hugo Award-winning American science-fiction and fantasy author who completed Robert Jordan’s “Wheel of Time” series as well as writing many of his own original works.
1979 – Robin Sloan, American author who is best known for his bestselling debut novel, Mr. Penumbra’s 24-hour Bookstore.
1980 – Victoria Koblenko, Ukrainian-born Dutch columnist, writer, actress, and television presenter.
1982 – Ndaba Thembekile Zweliyajika Mandela, South African author, spokesperson, AIDS activist, and political consultant who is the grandson of Nelson Mandela, the founder of the Mandela Project, and the co-founder and co-chair of Africa Rising Foundation.
1984 – Mariko Asabuki, award-winning Japanese novelist who was named one of Vogue Japan‘s 2011 Women of the Year.