1576 – Enrico Caterino Davila, Italian historian, writer, and diplomat.
1751 – Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and poet.
1790 – Rinse Posthumus, Frisian romantic poet, translator, minister, political activist, and liberal spirit from the Frisian (or Wadden) Islands, a North Sea archipelago off the coast of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark.
1840 – William Graham Sumner, American social scientist, professor, author, and essayist who introduced the term “ethnocentrism” and spoke against imperialism; his work is considered a major influence on conservatism in the United States.
1885 – Ezra Pound, expatriate American poet and critic who was a central figure in the American Modernist movement.
1887 – Georg Heym, German Expressionist poet.
1893 – Jan M Romein, Dutch Marxist historian, journalist, and literary scholar; he is remembered for his books popularizing Dutch national history, jointly authored with his wife Annie Romein-Verschoor.
1896 – Ruth Gordon Jones, American actress, screenwriter, playwright, and author. As an actress, she performed on Broadway and then in films such as Rosemary’s Baby, Harold and Maude, and Every Which Way but Loose. She won an Oscar, an Emmy, and two Golden Globe Awards for her acting, and three Academy Award nominations for her writing.
1907 – Albert Rice Leventhal, journalist, author, bridge columnist, and book publisher who developed the Little Golden Books series of children’s books.
1910 – Miguel Hernández Gilabert, Spanish poet and playwright.
1914 – Marius Hendrikus Flothuis, Dutch composer and Mozart biographer.
1914 – James Laughlin, American poet and literary book publisher.
1930 – Jean Chapman, British romance writer.
1932 – Louis Malle, Oscar-winning French screenwriter and film director; his second wife was actress Candice Bergen.
1935 – Robert Caro, journalist, author, and biographer who won two Pulitzer Prizes and a National Book Award.
1946 – Eric Kimmel, children’s book author.
1946 – Andrea Mitchell, American television journalist, anchor, reporter, and commentator; her husband is American economist and former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan.
1963 – Andrew Solomon, writer on politics, culture, and psychology.