1585 – Cornelius Otto Jansen, Dutch Catholic bishop and theologian who wrote biblical commentaries and anti-Protestant pamphlets.
1842 – Anna Elizabeth Dickinson, American orator, lecturer, abolitionist, women’s suffragist, novelist, nonfiction writer, actress, playwright, and mountain climber; she was the first woman to give a political address before the United States Congress.
1842 – Charles Boissevain, Dutch journalist, editor, and newspaper owner.
1866 – Ramon M del Valle-Inclan, influential Spanish playwright and novelist who is considered the most noteworthy and radical dramatist working to subvert the traditional Spanish theatrical establishment in the early 20th century.
1892 – Ludwig Strauss, German/Israeli writer and poet.
1903 – Evelyn Waugh, (full name Arthur Evelyn St. John Waugh), English novelist, biographer, journalist, book reviewer, and travel writer; he was considered the most brilliant satirical novelist of his day.
1904 – George Dangerfield, English-born American writer known primarily for his book, The Strange Death of Liberal England.
1909 – Claude Bourdet, human rights activist and journalist.
1916 – Jessie Kesson (Jessie Grant McDonald), Scottish-born novelist, playwright, and radio producer.
1925 – Ian Hamilton Finlay, Scottish poet, writer, artist, and gardener.
1925 – Leonard Starr, American cartoonist and comic-book artist, best known for reviving “Little Orphan Annie” and for creating the comic series, “On Stage.”
1938 – Anne Perry (born Juliet Hulme), bestselling Edgar Award-winning English historical novelist; as a teen in New Zealand she was convicted of participating in the murder of her friend’s mother, and after serving her sentence she changed her name and became a novelist.
1951 – Joe R. Lansdale, American author and martial-arts expert.