1829 – Fanny Duberly (Frances Isabella Duberly), English writer who is best known for publishing a journal of her experiences on campaign in the Crimean War and the Indian Rebellion of 1857, in which her husband was a soldier.
1858 – Þorsteinn Erlingsson, Icelandic poet whose work often attacked the ruling classes and the church, though he also composed popular ditties and romantic poems about nature.
1861 – Corinne Roosevelt, American poet, writer, and lecturer; she was the younger sister of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt and the aunt of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.
1871 – Grazia Deledda, Nobel Prize-winning Italian writer praised “for her idealistically inspired writings which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general.”
1874 – Myrtle Reed, bestselling American novelist, poet, and journalist who also published a series of cookbooks under the psuedonym Olive Green.
1887 – Lady Cynthia Mary Evelyn Asquith (née Charteris), English writer, biographer, novelist, anthologist, children’s writer, and diarist who is best known for her ghost stories, diaries, and works about the British Royal family.
1896 – María Adelaida Gurrea Monasterio, Filipina writer, journalist, poet, and playwright who wrote in Spanish and was the Filipino Literature Ambassador in Spain.
1906 – James Myers Thompson, American author and screenwriter who was known for hard-boiled crime fiction.
1911 – Nicholas Mordvinoff, Caldecott Medal-winning Russian-born American artist who was best known for illustrating the book Finders Keepers, by William Lipkind; the collaborators together used the pseudonym Nicolas and Will.
1917 – Louis Auchincloss, American lawyer, historian, novelist, and essayist who wrote about the East Coast upper class; some of his work was written under the name Andrew Lee, the name of an ancestor who cursed any descendant who drank or smoked.
1918 – Faith Bandler (born Ida Lessing Faith Mussing), Australian writer, novelist, and activist for the civil rights of indigenous Australians and South Sea islanders.
1920 – Tô Hoài, Vietnamese writer, playwright, screenwriter, journalist. and correspondent.
1924 – Ernest Becker, Pulitzer Prize-winning American cultural anthropologist, professor, and author.
1924 – Josef Škvorecký, award-winning Czech-born Canadian novelist whose work deals with the horrors of totalitarianism and repression, the expatriate experience, and the miracle of jazz.
1924 – Bernard Waber, American children’s author and illustrator best known for Lyle, Lyle, Crocodile and its sequels, about a city-dwelling crocodile named Lyle who lives in a bathtub.
1927 – Te Uruhina McGarvey-Tiakiwai, New Zealand writer and Maori leader who advocated for education and the retention of Maori language and customs.
1927 – Romano Scarpa, Italian animator and Disney comic book story creator.
1933 – Paul Goble, Caldecott Medal-winning British-born American author and illustrator of children’s books, many with Native American themes; he is best known for The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses.
1939 – Guðrún Kristín Magnúsdóttir, award-winning Icelandic writer, artist, and children’s book author who often writes about nature.
1949 – Amir Hosein Fardi, Iranian Azerbaijani writer of Persian literature.
1952 – Katie Fforde (born Catherine Rose Gordon-Cumming), British romance novelist who was chairman and then president of the Romantic Novelists’ Association and a patron of the UK’s first National Short Story Week; novelist Jasper Fforde is her husband’s cousin.
1958 – Irvine Welsh, Scottish novelist, playwright, and short-story writer who is best known for his novel Trainspotting, which was made into a film; his work is characterized by a raw Scots dialect and brutal depiction of Edinburgh life.
1964 – Lleucu Roberts, award-winning Welsh-language writer, children’s author, and screenwriter.