1837 – Lady Anne Blunt (full name, Anne Isabella Noel Blunt, 15th Baroness Wentworth, née King-Noel), English-born writer, explorer, artist, and vastly influential horse breeder who was the was the daughter of William King, 1st Earl of Lovelace, and Augusta Ada Byron, the world’s first computer programmer, the granddaughter of the poet Lord Byron, and the wife of the poet Wilfrid Blunt; she travelled extensively in Arabia and the Middle East, buying Arabian horses, and wrote several books about her travels. She was also a gifted violinist who owned a violin made by Stradivarius.
1847 – Alice Meynell, English writer, editor, critic, and suffragist who is remembered chiefly for her poetry.
1872 – Eleanor Hallowell Abbott, American novelist, poet, and children’s writer who was a frequent contributor to The Ladies’ Home Journal.
1907 – Maurice Blanchot, French writer, philosopher, journalist, and literary theorist whose work had a strong influence on post-structuralist philosophy.
1908 – Esphyr Slobodkina, Russian-born American children’s author and illustrator, best known for her classic picture book Caps For Sale.
1910 – György Faludy, Hungarian poet, writer, and translator.
1912 – Hàn Mặc Tử (pen name for Francis Nguyễn Trọng Trí), Vietnamese poet who was the most celebrated Vietnamese Catholic literary figure during the colonial era.
1914 – Alys Faiz, London-born Pakistani poet, writer, journalist, human rights activist, social worker, and teacher.
1922 – Hussein-Ali Montazer, prolific Iranian author, Shia Islamic theologian, democracy advocate, women’s rights activist, politician, philosopher, and human rights proponent; he was one of the leaders of the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and was widely known as the most knowledgeable senior Islamic scholar in Iran
1924 – Rosamunde Pilcher, bestselling, award-winning British author of romance novels, mainstream fiction, and short stories; she also published under the pen name Jane Fraser.
1926 – Fereydoon Moshiri, prominent Persian poet who wrote poems in both modern and classic styles.
1931 – Ashokamitran (real name Jagadisa Thyagarajan), award-winning Tamil Indian novelist, playwright, and literary critic who is considered one of the finest writers in contemporary Tamil literature, with his novels and short stories characterized by subtle satire and an engrossing portrayal of people who thrive in life despite hardships.
1931 – Fay Weldon, award-winning English author, essayist, and playwright.
1947 – Jo Beverley, English-Canadian writer of contemporary and historical romance novels, known for painstaking research and use of historical detail.
1954 – Rene O. Villanueva, Filipino playwright, screenwriter, and children’s author whose works “were typified by a sense of an authentic recognition of the Filipino child’s realities, unclouded by sentimentalism” and distinguished by his ear for the language as it was spoken by ordinary people.
1971 – Elizabeth Bear, multiple Hugo Award-winning American author of speculative fiction who has published novels, short stories, and poetry.
1979 – Roberto Saviano, Italian screenwriter, essayist, and journalist who uses literature and investigative reporting to explore the topic of organized crime.