1885 – D.H. Lawrence, English novelist, poet, playwright, essayist, literary critic, and painter who wrote such classic novels as Sons and Lovers and Lady Chatterley’s Lover but was controversial in his time.
1889 – Ann Bridge (pseudonym for Mary Dolling Saunders O’Malley), prolific British author who wrote books based on her experiences in Peking, where she lived with her diplomat husband. Her novels combine courtship plots with thorough research, vividly-realized settings, and social satire; she also wrote crime fiction, travel books, and family memoirs.
1901 – Katri Vala, Finnish poet, critic, teacher, and the central member of the literary group Tulenkantajat (The Fire Bearers); she wrote about poverty and grief but used images from fairy tales and religion, as well as allegorical references.
1917 – Jessica Lucy Freeman-Mitford, English/American author, journalist, memoirist, civil rights activist, reformer, left-wing icon, and political campaigner; the daughter of an English baron, she renounced her privileged background because she opposed her family’s support of Hitler; she was also a singer for a cowbell-and-kazoo band. Author J.K. Rowling said she was a major influence on her and even named her daughter after her.
1926 – Alfred Slote, American children’s book author known for books about sports and space.
1824 – Eduard Hanslick, influential German Bohemian music critic, author, and professor; Johannes Brahms dedicated a set of waltzes to him.
1862 – O. Henry (pen name of William Sydney Porter) American writer known for his witty short stories that end in a clever twist.
1928 – William X. Kienzle, American writer who left the Catholic priesthood and became a mystery author.
1929 – David Broder, Pulitzer Prize-winning American journalist, columnist, author, and pundit who wrote on politics for the Washington Post.
1940 – Thomas K. McCraw, Pulitzer Prize-winning American business historian.
1942 – Lois Ruby, American author of books for children and young adults, best known for her historical fiction.
1946 – Anthony Browne, British writer and illustrator of children’s books who was named U.K. Children’s Laureate; he especially likes to write about gorillas.
1953 – Lesley Visser, pioneering American sportswriter, sportscaster, and radio personality who was the first female NFL analyst in television history.
1956 – Tony Gilroy, Oscar-nominated American screenwriter and filmmaker known for his action-adventure films, including the “Bourne” movies.
1959 – Andre Dubus III, American novelist, lecturer, and short-story writer; he is best known for the book The House of Sand and Fog, which was a National Book Award finalist and an Oprah’s Book Club selection.
1960 – Carmen Agra Deedy, Cuban/American author of children’s picture books and short stories; she is also a commentator on National Public Radio.
1961 – Philip “Beardy” Ardagh, English children’s author and book reviewer who wrote the BBC’s first interactive radio drama and collaborated with former Beatle Sir Paul McCartney on a children’s book.
1967 – Maria Sara Bartiromo, American television journalist, magazine columnist, and author; she was the first journalist to report live on TV daily from the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.