1617 – Roshanara Begum, Indian poet and Mughal princess who was the daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal; after her brother took the throne, she became the First Lady of the Mughal Empire; today she is best known for the Roshanara Bagh, a pleasure garden located in present-day north Delhi and named in her honor.
1849 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American novelist, poet, and short-story writer, much of whose work was set along the southerncoast of Maine.
1855 – Alexander Pavlovich Chekhov, Russian novelist, short-story writer, essayist, and memoirist who was the elder brother of the more famous writer Anton Chekhov.
1863 – Hans Aanrud, Norwegian author, playwright, short-story writer, and poet whose works depicted rural life in his native Gudbrandsdal, Norway.
1868 – Mary Parker Follett, American writer, social worker, management consultant, philosopher, and pioneer in the fields of organizational theory and organizational behavior; she has been called the “Mother of Modern Management.” Instead of emphasizing industrial and mechanical components, she advocated for what she saw as the far more important human element, regarding people as the most valuable commodity in any business.
1885 – Mahjoor (pen name for Ghulam Ahmad), Indian poet especially noted for introducing a new style into Kashmiri poetry and for expanding Kashmiri poetry into previously unexplored thematic realms.
1906 – Lawrence Clark Powell, American librarian, literary critic, bibliographer, and prolific author who made a significant contribution to the library profession, and whose own works showcase his interests in the American Southwest, rare books, libraries and librarianship, the book trade, and book collecting.
1911 – Naomi Lewis, British poet, teacher, literary critic, and children’s literature anthologist.
1923 – Mort Walker, American cartoonist best known for the long-running comic strips “Beetle Bailey” and “Hi and Lois”. He also wrote an autobiography and The Lexicon of Comicana, a satirical look at the devices cartoonists use, and founded the Museum of Cartoon Art.
1925 – Ángel González Muñiz, award-winning Spanish poet and literary critic who is considered one of the key Spanish poets of the twentieth century
1926 – Alison Lurie, Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist, nonfiction writer, children’s writer, literary critic, and academic.
1930 – Cherry Barbara Grimm (née Lockett), New Zealand author of science fiction and fantasy who was better known by the pseudonym Cherry Wilder.
1938 – Caryl Churchill, British playwright, screenwriter, and author known for her dramatization of abuses of power, for her use of non-naturalistic techniques, and for her exploration of sexual politics and feminist themes.
1940 – Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist, novelist, political activist who once said, “I’m a writer obsessed with remembering, with remembering the past of America and above all that of Latin America, intimate land condemned to amnesia.”
1941 – Sergei Dovlatov, Soviet author and journalist who was one of the most popular Russian writers of the late 20th century.
1958 – Kettly Mars, Haitian poet and novelist who writes in French.
1963 – Malcolm Gladwell, British-born Canadian journalist and author of popular nonfiction books.
1964 – Spike Feresten, American television comedy writer, best known for the Soup Nazi episode of Seinfeld.
1969 – Olivera Ćirković, Serbian writer, painter, professional basketball player, and convicted felon; she was part of the international jewel thief network The Pink Panthers.
1969 – Joy Chinwe Eyisi, Nigerian author, professor, and philanthropist who was the first female Deputy Vice-Chancellor at Nnamdi Azikiwe University; she has written or edited academic articles, journals, and textbooks, and is particularly known for her books on English language usage, especially Common Errors in the Use of English.
1969 – Adriana Trigiani, bestselling American novelist, television writer, film director, playwright, and entrepreneur whose works draw upon her background as an Italian-American and her southwestern Virginia upbringing.
1971 – Kiran Desai, influential, award-winning Indian novelist whose work uses magic realism, whimsical elements, and humor to explore themes of identity, migration, alienation, and loss.
1980 – Jenny Han, American author of fiction for children and young adults.