1763 – Caroline Schelling, German writer, translator, and literary critic.
1807 – Fredrika Runeberg, Finnish novelist and journalist who wrote in Swedish; she was a pioneer of Finnish historical fiction and was one of the first woman journalists in Finland.
1820 – Lucretia Hale, American journalist, novelist, short-story writer, and children’s author, best remembered for her humorous stories about the fictional Peterkin family.
1849 – Emma Curtis Hopkins, American spiritual leader, author, theologian, mystic, and feminist who was a major force behind the New Thought movement.
1850 – Helene von Engelhardt, Baltic German poet, writer, and translator; she is sometimes referred to by her married name Helene Pabst.
1850 – Eugene Field, American writer, columnist, children’s poet, short-story writer, and author of humorous essays; he is best known for the poem “Wynken, Blynken, and Nod.”
1852 – Paul Bourget, influential French author and critic who was considered a master of the psychological novel.
1894 – Bryher (pen name for Annie Winifred Ellerman), English novelist, poet, memoirist, and magazine editor who was a major figure of the international set in Paris in the 1920s, and mentor to many struggling writers; she also helped evacuate Jews from Nazi Germany.
1894 – Joseph Roth, Austrian-Jewish journalist, novelist, and essayist, best known for his family saga Radeztky March.
1917 – Cleveland Amory, American author, reporter, television critic, and animal-rights activist who often wrote about his cat, Polar Bear.
1918 – Allen Drury, bestselling Pulitzer Prize-winning American novelist and journalist.
1919 – Luz Méndez de la Vega, Guatemalan feminist writer, journalist, poet, academic, and actress; as an academic, she concentrated on researching and rescuing the work of colonial Guatemalan women writers.
1920 – Monica Echeverria Yañez, Chilean journalist, writer, actress, and professor.
1928 – Carla Grissmann, American writer, magazine editor, and humanitarian who also worked as an educational reformer in Sri Lanka and a keeper of antiquaries in Afghanistan; she is best known for her memoir Dinner of Herbs.
1930 – Jack M. Bickham, American author who wrote 75 novels as well as books on how to write, including The 38 Most Common Fiction Writing Mistakes.
1936 – Iran Darroudi, Iranian artist, writer, biographer, and film director.
1942 – Demi (pen name for Charlotte Dumaresq Hunt), prolific author and children’s book writer and illustrator.
1943 – Shubhada Sharad Gogate, award-winning Indian Marathi novelist, short-story writer, and nonfiction author who is best known for her historical fiction.
1945 – Nancy Wright Beasley, American author, journalist, and playwright who often writes about the Holocaust.
1961 – Tetsuo Hara, Japanese manga artist and writer.
1962 – Jon Berkeley, Irish author and illustrator of children’s books who is also known for his colorful caricatures.
1968 – Sally Murphy, Australian novelist, poet, and children’s author.
1969 – Hélène Frappat, French writer, translator, novelist, essayist, radio producer, and film critic.
1976 – Tim Key, British comedian, poet, and performance artist.