1552 – Elizabeth Spencer (Baroness Hunsdon), English baroness, writer, poet, scholar, translator, and patron of the arts; Edmund Spenser used her as inspiration for his Muiopotmos and dedicated The Faerie Queene to her; her first husband was grandson of Mary Boleyn, elder sister of Anne Boleyn, mother of Queen Elizabeth I.
1824 – Yulia Valerianovna Zhadovskaya, Russian poet, novelist, and short-story writer; much of her fiction was devoted to the problems of love, marriage, and the emancipation of women, and some of her lyric poems were made into popular songs. She became a successful writer despite having been born with no left arm and several fingers missing on her right hand.
1835 – Celia Laighton Thaxter, popular American poet and short-story writer who spent most of her life on the Isles of Shoals off the coast of New England, and often wrote about that setting.
1891 – Biagio Marin, Italian poet and author best known for his poems in the Venetian language, which had no literary tradition until then.
1895 – Alice Lardé de Venturino, acclaimed Salvadoran poet, writer, composer, and scientist.
1900 – Antoine de Saint-Expury, award-winning aristocratic French novelist, poet, journalist and aviator best known for his novella The Little Prince (Le Petit Prince).
1912 – John Toland, Pulitzer Prize-winning American author and historian best known for his biography of Adolf Hitler and his history of World War II Japan, The Rising Sun.
1921 – Frédéric Dard, prolific and popular French crime novelist.
1943 – Christine Craig, Jamaican writer, poet, children’s author, short-story writer, and nonfiction author.
1971 – Magdalena Parys, award-winning Polish writer, poet, journalist, and translator.