1773 – Johann Ludwig Tieck, German poet, translator, editor, novelist, writer, and critic; he was one of the founding fathers of the Romantic movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
1819 – Walt Whitman, influential American poet, essayist, and journalist whose best-known collection is Leaves of Grass, which breaks the boundaries of poetic form and is generally more prose-like; his work used unusual images and symbols, and was controversial in his time for overt references to death and sexuality, including prostitution. His groundbreaking Song of Myself used a first-person narrator that assumed the identity of the common people to respond to the impact of urbanization on the masses. He is often labeled as the father of free verse, though he did not invent it.
1887 – Saint-John Perse, Nobel Prize-winning French poet.
1889 – Helen Jane Waddell, Tokyo-born Irish poet, translator, and playwright.
1892 – Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky (Константин Георгиевич Паустовский), Nobel Prize-nominated Russian Soviet writer, journalist, and novelist.
1893 – Elizabeth Coatsworth, American author of fiction and poetry whose novel The Cat Who Went to Heaven won the Newbery Medal.
1898 – Norman Vincent Peale, Minister and author, most notably of The Power of Positive Thinking.
1915 – Judith Wright, Australian poet, environmentalist, and human rights activist.
1919 – Robie Mayhew Macauley, editor, novelist, and critic.
1924 – Patricia Jean “Patsy” Adam-Smith, Australian author, historian and servicewoman who wrote on a range of subjects covering history, folklore, and the preservation of national tradition, in addition to writing an autobiography in two parts.
1925 – Julian Beck, American actor, director, poet, and painter.
1933 – Gary Brandner, American horror author best known for his werewolf themed novel trilogy, The Howling.
1945 – Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German movie director, screenwriter, and actor; one of the key figures of the New German Cinema.
1945 – Bernard Richard Goldberg (also known as Bernie Goldberg), multiple Emmy Award-winning American writer, journalist, sports correspondent, and political pundit.
1947 – Phillip Hoose, Newbery Honor-winning American author of books for adults and children, best known for a children’s biography of Claudette Colvin.
1948 – Svetlana Alexievich, Belarusian author, winner of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature for “her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time.”
1953 – José Jaime Maussan Flota, Mexican journalist and leading ufologist.
1960 – Christopher Nash Elliott, American actor, comedian, and screenwriter, best known for his comedic sketches on Late Night With David Letterman.
1968 – John Connolly, Irish writer; author of the Charlie Parker detective series.
1982 – Ian Flynn (also known by his Internet pen name Ian Potto), American comic writer; chief writer for Archie’s Sonic the Hedgehog.
1985 – Amru Salahuddien (عمرو صلاح الدين), an Egyptian painter, photojournalist, and writer.