1856 – Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and the founding father of psychoanalysis.
1868 – Gaston Leroux, French journalist and author of detective fiction, best known for the novel The Phantom of the Opera.
1885 – Yaeko Nogami (birth name Kotegawa Yae), Japanese writer, novelist, essayist, and translator.
1902 – Harry Lewis Golden, Jewish-American journalist and author who wrote satirically on race relations.
1904 – Harry Martinson, Swedish sailor, author, and poet; Nobel Prize winner.
1910 – Leo Lionni, Dutch author and illustrator of children’s books who was also an economist, graphic designer, and architectural writer.
1914 – Randall Jarrell, American poet who was U.S. Poet Laureate; he was also a literary critic, children’s author, essayist, and novelist.
1915 – Orson Welles, American screenwriter, actor, and director, remembered especially for the groundbreaking film Citizen Kane and his 1938 radio broadcast of the H.G. Wells book War of the Worlds, which caused widespread panic when listeners who tuned in late mistook it for a news broadcast about a real Martian invasion.
1915 – Theodore H. White, Pulitzer Prize-winning American political journalist, best known for his series of books, “The Making of the President.”
1918 – Henrietta Boggs, U.S.-born Costa Rican author, journalist, and activist who served as First Lady of Costa Rica; she turns 102 years old today!
1935 – Ted Lewin, Caldecott Honor-winning American children’s book author and illustrator.
1942 – Vladimiro Ariel Dorfman, Argentine-Chilean novelist, playwright, and human-rights activist.
1950 – Jeffrey Deaver, bestselling American mystery and crime-novel writer.
1956 – Sujata Bhatt, Indian-American poet and translator.