1751 – James Madison, author of the U.S. Constitution, co-author of the Federalist Papers, and fourth U.S. President.
1839 – René François Armand “Sully” Prudhomme, French poet and essayist; winner of the first Nobel Prize in Literature.
1884 – Eric P. Kelly, American journalist and Newbery Award-winning children’s author.
1885 – Emory Holloway, Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer of Walt Whitman.
1889 – Elsie Janis, American screenwriter, songwriter, actress, and singer who entertained troops during World War 1.
1892 – César Abraham Vallejo Mendoza, Peruvian poet, writer, playwright, and journalist; though he published only three books of poetry during his lifetime, he is considered one of the great poetic innovators of the 20th century in any language.
1907 – Parvin E’tesami, Persian Iranian poet, writer, and librarian.
1917 – Sophie Moss (Countess Zofia Roza Maria Jadwiga Elzbieta Katarzyna Aniela Tarnowska), Polish writer, poet, and humanitarian who founded the Cairo Branch of the Polish Red Cross when she lived in Egypt during World War 2.
1920 – Sid Fleischman, author, screenwriter, and Newbery Award-winning children’s book author who also wrote books about stage magic.
1935 – Wajida Tabassum, Indian writer of fiction, poetry, and songs in the Urdu language.
1948 – Margaret Weis, American fantasy novelist and gaming world creator.
1951 – Deborah Anne Tall, American writer, memoirist, poet, editor, anthologist, nonfiction author, and professor.
1952 – Alice Hoffman, popular American novelist, YA author & screenwriter.
1974 – Zoe Jenny, Swiss novelist, now based in London.