1722 – Mary Leapor, English poet of the working class.
1802 – Victor Hugo, French poet, novelist, and playwright of the Romantic movement, best known internationally for his novels Les Misérables and The Hunchback of Notre-Dame.
1808 – Elise Averdieck, German writer, nurse, social activist, and deaconess.
1818 – Katharina Prato, (Katharina Pratobevera, née Polt), Austrian cookbook writer and educator whose work was in print for more than a hundred years.
1832 – John George Nicolay, German-born American biographer of President Abraham Lincoln who was also Lincoln’s private secretary.
1832 – Modesta Sanginés Uriarte, Bolivian journalist, author, poet, translator, music composer, pianist, vocalist, and philanthropist who was one of the principal composers of 19th century Bolivia.
1880 – Karin Smirnov (or Smirnoff), Finno-Swedish author, playwright, and biographer who was born Karin Strindberg.
1902 – Jean Marcel Bruller, French novelist and artist-engraver who wrote under the pseudonym Vercors.
1909 – Fanny Craddock (pseudonym of Phillis Nan Sortain Pechey) English food writer, television cook, and restaurant critic.
1918 – Theodore Sturgeon, prolific American writer of science fiction, fantasy, horror, and literary criticism author who wrote 11 novels, more than 120 short stories, approximately 400 reviews, and several Star Trek scripts.
1936 – Adem Demaçi, Albanian human-rights activist, novelist, and politician.
1937 – Sharon Bell Mathis, Newbery Medal and Coretta Scott King Award-winning American librarian and author of books for children and young adults.
1948 – Sharyn McCrumb, award-winning bestselling American writer whose books and short stories tend to center around Appalachia.
1949 – Elizabeth George, American author of mysteries set in Great Britain; she is best known as creator of the Inspector Lynley character.
1956 – Michel Houellebecq, French author, poet, essayist, film director, and singer.
1962 – Atiq Rahimi, French-Afghan writer and filmmaker.
1979 – Jela Krečič, Slovenian novelist and journalist.