1846 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Nobel Prize-winning German philosopher.
1902 – Stella Gibbons, English novelist best known for her debut work, Cold Comfort Farm.
1926 – W.D. Snodgrass, Pulitzer Prize-winning American poet who is considered one of the founders of the “confessional” movement in American poetry, though he objected to the name; he sometimes used the pseudonym S.S. Gardons.
1932 – Umberto Eco, Italian novelist and essayist best known for his first novel, The Name of the Rose.
1941 – Hayao Miyazaki, Japanese author, manga writer, film animation artist, screenwriter, and film director.
1942 – Terenci Moix (real name Ramon Moix i Meseguer), Spanish Catalan writer who wrote in both Spanish and in Catalan; he is brother of poet/novelist Anna Maria Moix.
1942 – Michael Wilding, British-born Australian writer, novelist, critic, and professor.
1954 – László Krasznahorkai, Hungarian novelist and screenwriter who is known for critically difficult, demanding modernist novels with dystopian and melancholic themes.
1961 – Isabel Gemio Cardoso, Spanish journalist and radio and television presenter; she was married to Cuban sculptor Nilo Manrique.
1978 – Seanan McGuire, American urban fantasy author known for her October Daye series; winner of the Campbell Award, Nebula Award, and multiple Hugo Awards