1036 – Su Tung-p’o, greatest poet of the Chinese Sung Dynasty, often under fire in his day for satirizing government policies.
1753 – John Taylor of Caroline, U.S. Senator and Virginia State Delegate who authored books on agriculture and politics.
1796 – Manuel Breton de los Herreros, prolific Spanish playwright & librarian.
1820 – Mary Ashton Livermore, journalist; advocate for abolition & women’s rights.
1875 – Carter Woodson, African-American author; pioneering writer of Black history.
1895 – Ingeborg Refling-Hagen, Norwegian novelist & poet, arrested for her work with the Resistance during WW2.
1901 – Oliver La Farge, Pulitzer Prize-winning author & anthropologist.
1910 – Jean Genet, French novelist and political activist.
1910 – Jose Lezama Lima, Cuban poet; one of the most influential in Latin American literature.
1923 – Robert V. Bruce, Pulitzer-winning author and historian.
1928 – Eve Bunting, Irish author of children’s and YA books.
1942 – Jean-Patric Manchette, foremost French crime novelist of the 1970s and 1980s.
1944 – Richard Leakey, son of Richard and Mary Leakey, all three of them groundbreaking paleoanthropologists whose work shed light on the origins of humanity.
1960 – Daniel Silva, American author of bestselling thrillers and spy novels.
1967 – Paul Harding, American musician and author; his first novel won the 2010 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
1975 – Brandon Sanderson, Hugo Award-winning science-fiction and fantasy author who completed Robert Jordan’s “Wheel of Time” series as well as writing many of his own original works.