1872 – Johan Huizinga, Dutch historian and linguist who is considered one of the founders of modern cultural history.
1873 – Willa Cather, American author known for her novels of frontier life, like O Pioneers! and My Ántonia.
1878 – Akiko Yosano (与謝野 晶子), the pen-name of Hô Shô, a Japanese author, poet, pioneering feminist, pacifist, and social reformer who is one of the most famous, and most controversial, post-classical woman poets of Japan.
1888 – Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish novelist and artist who chronicled his childhood in the fictionalized memoir A House of Children.
1909 – Nikola Yonkov Vaptsarov, Bulgarian poet, communist, and revolutionary who is considered one of the most important Bulgarian poets ever, despite working most of his life as a machinist and publishing only one poetry book in his lifetime.
1928 – Noam Chomsky, American linguist, philosopher, author, and prominent cultural figure.
1943 – Susan Isaacs, bestselling American novelist, essayist, and screenwriter.